How common is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)?

DMD is an x-linked recessive disorder that primarily affects males.1,2 While a rare disease, it is the most prevalent of all neuromuscular disorders, affecting 1 out of every 3,600–6000 newborn males worldwide.2-4

If a female carries the mutation in the dystrophin gene on one of the two X-chromosomes, she may also be affected by DMD. Approximately 10% of female carriers show some disease manifestations, with cardiac involvement a frequent finding.2,5

Adapted from MDA6

Duchenne muscular dystrophy primarily occurs in males, but can affect females in some cases.1,2 Learn about carriers of Duchenne muscular dystrophy; symptoms and care here.

1. Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267 [Part 1].
2. Bushby K. et al. Lancet Neurol. 2010;77–93.
3. van Ruiten HJ, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2014,99:1074–1077.
4. National Institutes of Health. Muscular dystrophy. Available at: [last accessed November 2020].
5. Florian A, et al. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016;17:326–333.
6. MDA. DMD muscular dystrophy (DMD): causes/inheritance. Available at: [last accessed November 2020].
7. Ciafaloni E, et al. J Pediatr. 2009;155:380–385.
8. Dent KM, et al. Am J Med Genet. 2005;134:295–298.
9. DFSG. Carriers of Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy. Available at: [last accessed November 2020].

Our Use of Cookies

In addition to cookies that are necessary to operate this website, we use optional cookies to provide website functionality and give you the best possible experience. We won't set optional cookies unless you enable them. For more detailed information see our Cookie Statement , which explains among others, how to set your cookie preferences and how to recall your consent.

Cookie Settings

Some cookies are essential, others help us improve your experience by providing insights into how the website is used. Select the cookie types listed below, and then save your preferences. Refer to our Cookie Statement for more information.

Strictly Necessary cookies
Strictly necessary cookies enable core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility.

I accept the advertising/targeting cookies
Advertising/targeting cookies, which we use to track user activity and sessions so that we can deliver a more personalized service, and (in the case of advertising cookies) which are set by the third parties with whom we execute advertising campaigns and allow us to provide advertisements relevant to you.