red flags

Children demonstrating red flag signs and symptoms such as significant development delay could have Duchenne  muscular dystrophy

Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267.
National Task Force for Early Identification of Childhood Neuromuscular Disorders. Guide for primary care providers. Available at: https://childmuscleweakness.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/PrimaryCareProviderPacket.pdf [last accessed November 2020].

 

genetic counselling

Genetic counselling offers many benefits for families living with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Helderman-van den Enden AT, et al. Clin Genet. 2011;79:236–242

GPs are the first point of contact

GPs are a first point of contact for concerned parents and they can be a driving force behind a successful diagnostic journey

Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:445–455.
Noritz GH, et al. Pediatrics. 2013;131:e2016–e2027.

second birthday

Early signs and symptoms of Duchenne muscular dystrophy may appear before a child’s second birthday

rare genetic disorder

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a rare genetic disorder that causes progressive muscular damage and degeneration

Van Ruiten HJ, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:1074–1077. 2. Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267.

most common and severe forms

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one of the most common and severe forms of muscular dystrophy

 

National Institutes of Health. Muscular dystrophy. Available at: https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/factsheets/540 [last accessed November 2020].
Van Ruiten HJ, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:1074–1077.

Acurate and early diagnosis

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a progressive disease that presents in early childhood and requires an accurate and early diagnosis to avoid life-threatening complications

Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267.

genetic testing

Genetic testing can confirm Duchenne muscular dystrophy

 

Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17(3):251–267.
Aartsma-Rus A, et al. J Med Genet. 2016;53(3):145–151

It is estimated that about 20,000 children are diagnosed with Duchenne globally each year.

It is estimated that about 20,000 children are diagnosed with Duchenne globally each year.

The most common forms in children, Duchenne and Becker, affect approximately 1 in every 5,600 to 7,700 males ages 5 to 24

The most common forms in children, Duchenne and Becker, affect approximately 1 in every 5,600 to 7,700 males ages 5 to 24

Most Common

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common fatal genetic disorder in children affecting ~1 out of every 3,600–6,000 live male births

 

van Ruiten HJ, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:1074–1077.
Bushby K, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2010;9:77‒93.
Aartsma-Rus A, et al. J Med Genet. 2016;53(3):145–151.
Crisafulli S, et al. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2020;15(1):141.
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